international trade theory

International Trade, International Trade Theory

International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. In most countries, it represents a significant share of GDP. While international trade has been present throughout much of history, its economic, social, and political importance has been on the rise in recent centuries. Industrialization, advanced ...

Comparative Advantage and International Trade

Comparative advantage exists when a country has a margin of superiority in the production of a good or service i.e. where the opportunity cost of production is lower. The basic theory of comparative advantage was developed by David Ricardo. Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage was further developed by Heckscher, Ohlin and ...