Theory of Scientific Management, Effects

Frederick Taylor is the person who is most often associated with the system labeled scientific management, and indeed, he was the originator of this set of concepts. However, there were others in the field of scientific management who had as much if not greater effect on the workplace. According to Sullivan (1987), Taylor’s work not only represented the beginning of the managerial era in industrial production but also signaled the end of the craft era in the United States. According to Hirschhorn (1984), Taylor’s work highlights the relationship between rationalization in general and labor-control methods in particular. Taylor developed his principles of management while a machinist and foreman at the Midvale Steel Company of Philadelphia. Taylor was bothered by, what was called as the time, “worker soldiering.” (Worker soldiering refers to the practice of purposely stalling or slowing down work by the workers.) Taylor believed that the objective of workers when they stalled was to keep “their employers ignorant of how fast work can be done”

The article disscusses about the following: effects of scientific management, reaction to “Taylorism” “Taylorism” and organized labor

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Author: Patricia Ryaby Backer