Contingency Theory refers to any of a number of management theories. Several contingency approaches were developed concurrently in the late 1960s. They suggested that previous theories such as Weber’s bureaucracy and Taylor’s scientific management had failed because they neglected that management style and organizational structure were influenced by various aspects of the environment: the contingency factors. There could not be “one best way” for leadership or organization.
The essence of the contingency approach is that a desired outcomes is the consequence of an appropriate ‘fit’ between two or more factors, such as between the organisation’s strategy and structure.
The Contingency Approach
Contingency Approaches to Organisational Design
Adaptation and Structure
Technology and Structure
Strategy and Structure
Size and Structure
Contingency Theories and Leadership
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