Law of Diminishing Returns, Diminishing Marginal Returns

The law of diminishing returns is a concept in economic theory. It states that the output per input (productivity) declines if the input of a production factor is increased over a certain limit. Under the name law of diminishing returns actually exist two different concepts: one classical and one neoclassical. These concepts bear similarities but …

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Elasticity, Applications, Examples, Importance

In economics, elasticity is the ratio of the proportional change in one variable with respect to proportional change in another variable. Price elasticity, for example, is the sensitivity of quantity demanded or supplied to changes in prices. Elasticity is usually expressed as a negative number but shown as a positive percent value. This article provides …

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Production Function, One Variable Factor Production Function, Two Variable Factor Production Function

The production function for a firm is the relationship between the quantities of inputs per time period and the maximum output that can be produced. It can be calculated for one or more than one variable factors of production. The one variable factor of production function corresponds to the short-run during which at least one …

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Production Theory

In microeconomics, Production is simply the conversion of inputs into outputs. It is an economic process that uses resources to create a commodity that is suitable for exchange. This can include manufacturing, storing, shipping, and packaging. Some economists define production broadly as all economic activity other than consumption. They see every commercial activity other than …

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Managerial Economics- An Introduction

Managerial economics (also called business economics), is a branch of economics that applies microeconomic analysis to specific business decisions. As such, it bridges economic theory and economics in practice. It draws heavily from quantitative techniques such as regression and correlation, Lagrangian calculus (linear). If there is a unifying theme that runs through most of managerial …

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